Pshycological Intervntions for Tobacco Cessation - part 1
Tobacco smoke is the leading cause of preventable premature mortality worldwide. Despite 6 million deaths being linked to tobacco use on an annual basis, an estimated 1 billion people worldwide continue to smoke. For every death related to smoking, 20 additional individuals will suffer from at least one serious smoking related illness.1
Life expectancy and health-related quality of life indices have been shown to reduce in a dose-dependent manner when the number of cigarettes smoked increases.
Tobacco smoking is a learned behavior that results in a physical addiction to nicotine for the majority of smokers. 2,3 Accordingly, stopping smoking can be difficult for many individuals. Seventy percent of smokers want and intend to stop smoking at some point, yet only 12% are ready to stop in the next month. 4,5 To date, smoking cessation interventions have typically been targeted at individuals who want to stop and are able to provide a firm commitment to quit on a “quit day.” However, many smokers have tried unsuccessfully to quit this way. Recent evidence demonstrates that gradually reducing the number of cigarettes smoked before eventually quitting and quitting abruptly, with no prior reduction, produce comparable quit rates. 5,6
Why psychological interventions are needed?
Psychosocial interventions can improve a smoker's chance of making a successful quit attempt. The greater the number of professionals involved in the smoking cessation intervention, the greater the likelihood of success.
Who can provide psychological intervention?
The effectiveness of smoking cessation interventions delivered by providers did not significantly differ when it was delivered by providers from different professional disciplines, such as smoking cessation specialists, practicing clinicians, and health care administrators. Recent research shows that pharmacists can also provide meaningful psychosocial interventions that significantly help individuals to quit smoking.7
What is the goal of Psychosocial Interventions?
The goal of psychosocial interventions is to improve one or more of the following outcomes: to reduce the impact of stressful events and situations; decrease distress and disability; minimize symptoms; improve the quality of life; reduce risk; improve communication and coping skills; and/or enhance treatment adherence. 8
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