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Pshycological Intervntions for Tobacco Cessation - part 1

2017-08-12 13:13:40

Tobacco  smoke  is  the  leading  cause  of  preventable  premature  mortality  worldwide. Despite 6   million deaths being linked to tobacco use on an annual basis, an estimated 1 billion people worldwide continue to  smoke.  For every death related to smoking, 20 additional  individuals  will  suffer  from  at  least  one  serious  smoking related illness.1



Life expectancy and health-related quality of life indices have been shown to reduce in a dose-dependent manner when the number of cigarettes smoked increases.



Tobacco smoking is a learned behavior that results in  a  physical  addiction  to  nicotine  for  the  majority of smokers. 2,3 Accordingly, stopping smoking can be difficult for many individuals.   Seventy  percent  of  smokers  want  and  intend  to  stop smoking at some point, yet only 12% are ready  to stop in the next month. 4,5  To  date,  smoking  cessation  interventions  have  typically  been  targeted  at  individuals who want to stop and are able to provide  a firm commitment to quit on a “quit day.” However,  many smokers have tried unsuccessfully to quit this way.  Recent  evidence  demonstrates  that  gradually reducing  the  number  of  cigarettes  smoked  before  eventually  quitting  and  quitting  abruptly,  with  no  prior  reduction,  produce  comparable  quit  rates. 5,6



Why psychological interventions are needed?

Psychosocial interventions can improve a smoker's chance of making a successful quit attempt. The greater the number of professionals involved in the smoking cessation intervention, the greater the likelihood of success.




Who can provide psychological intervention?

The effectiveness of smoking cessation interventions delivered by providers did not significantly differ when it was delivered by providers from different professional disciplines, such as smoking cessation specialists, practicing clinicians, and health care administrators.  Recent research shows that pharmacists can also provide meaningful psychosocial interventions that significantly help individuals to quit smoking.7




What is the goal of Psychosocial Interventions?

The goal of psychosocial interventions is to improve one or more of the following outcomes: to  reduce the impact of stressful events and situations; decrease distress and disability; minimize symptoms; improve the quality of life; reduce risk; improve communication and coping skills; and/or enhance treatment adherence. 8

Editors Notes:    0

The opinions expressed and information shared are those of the writer's and commentators; do not necessarily reflect that of Scientific Bangladesh.Scientific Bangladesh accepts no responsibility, legal or otherwise, for the accuracy or content of writers' and commentators' opinion and information.

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